The Miami news, March, 1958
by Jane wood

Beatings, Only Weapon Effective on Bad Boys

Psychologist leave Florida's Marianna industrial school for boys because they beat boys there, say the
psychologists.

But some boys like this school for juvenile delinquents so much that they run away so they can be brought back to
stay longer, say boy graduates. Some runaway just before their release because, though they are whipped must
serve longer sentences, say their fellows.

He aborted beating boys, but doesn't know of anything better to do as a final punishment to maintain discipline, says
superintendent Art Dozier.

With the completion and staffing of the schools psychiatric unit in the next 60 days, he says, he hopes to substitute
psychiatric treatment for paddling with a leather strap, and minimize the paddling.

Marianna thus presents a clash in philosophies on the question of beating boys.

Law Bans Beatings

Florida law does not permit beating or Corporal punishment of adults in jail. It does allow children to be whipped,
strapped and paddled.

Boys at the Dade County youth hall are beaten by guards with wooden paddle, when they misbehave. This is done,
Judge Walter Beckham has said, under the law permitting Corporal punishment as "applied by a loving parent."

When big tough boys tear up the place, used foul language, attack the guards, and are uncontrollable, I don't know
anything you can do with them except give them a whipping. After you whip them they cause no more trouble, says
judge says juvenile judge Culbreath.

Corporal punishment should not be tolerated in any form, says the Children's Bureau of the US Department of
Health, Education and Welfare, in preparing guides and goals for institutions serving delinquent children.

Fits Delinquent Pattern        

Corporal punishment fits much to neatly into the delinquents concept of dealing with his own aggression by sheer
and overt attack, the bureau's publication said.

With the beatings, it is still easy to see why many boys like Marianna. Cottages and shops of the big institution are
set among tall pines and remote rolling hill country, northwest of Tallahassee. Marianna is free from squalor. The
atmosphere is relaxed, the academic and vocational programs are excellent, except for those boys who get
assigned to kitchen and laundry details.

No militarism or regimentation exists. The food is good and plentiful. Staff members seem to like boys and be
interested in them as individual. The crowd of Marianna boys is somewhat more orderly than, the average crowd
school boys, the difference in appearance is in no other way.

Superintendent Dozier is a fair haired lad with the Florida Legislature, and has usually got much of what he asked
for the institution he runs. Last year he was made director of the newly created state Child Training Division.

Spending not Stinted

Florida has instead of spending at Marianna. This year, $1,032,325 will go to the institution to care for the current
enrollment of 777 Boys

The 435 white boys and 342 Negro boys are segregated. They live in 19 cottages, open, dormitories, with about 45
boys to a cottage. Cottages are run by a cottage father, who gets $2400 a year, room and board. Average age of
these fathers is about 30.

Homosexuality, is always a problem where one sex is in an institution, is kept at a minimum at Marianna, according to
all reports of staff, graduates and critics of the institution.

Mr. Dozier says the problem is minimized by the use of open dorms, by careful placement of boys, and by intensive
counseling of those who seem to have abnormal impulses.

Boys live at Marianna for an indeterminate period, under a complicated system of point, work, the merits and
demerits. They can work their way out of school at their own rate, by behaving and avoiding demerits.

Some boys, under the complicated point system, can work their way out of Marianna by taking beatings.