Daytona Beach Morning Journal , September 14, 1969

Judges to Continue Using Training Schools

Juvenile court judges will continue sending the delinquent boys to the big
training schools despite reports of homosexual rape and violence, a
spokesperson for the judges said

Judge Don Stone, president of the Florida Council of Juvenile Court Judges,
said there is an obvious need for the state to improve the huge training

But, he said, I don't think the world is coming to an end as far as
utilization of those facilities.

Dr. James Bax, Secretary of Health and Rehabilitative Services told a
legislative committee last week that young boys were being beaten up and
raped at the schools at Marianna and Okeechobee, which house more than 500
boys each.

He said there is a need for a larger staff, and more money to provide
better supervision and for community halfway house to keep putting the
other boys in with the "hoods and animals."

Judge Stone said there is a definite atvantage in being able to isolate the
tough teenagers. He said the council fully supports creation of halfway
houses across the state and establishment of regional facilities.

"But you have to make do with what you have until you have another
resource," he said. "We still used and must use state training school."

"Incidents mentioned by Bax are some of the problems you're going to find
any all-male institution," the judge said

He said he assured the OJ Keller, Director of the Division of Youth
Services, is on top of the situation.

Keller frankly admitted that there was a problem with homosexuality in the
training schools and said it exists in many one sex societies.

"There is homosexuality in a training school or in a prison," he said. "Any
correctional administrator who said he didn't have it would not be telling
the truth.

The legislator granted a request for a night employee in each cottage to
provide better control and stop some of the things that were happening when
only periodic checks were made.

It is difficult, if not impossible, for one employee to keep constant watch
over 35 to 40 boys, Keller said, and there still are some incidents.

Keller said he does not think there is a homosexual problem in the two
halfway houses that had been established in Tallahassee and in Ft. Clinch
State Park.

But he said the training schools or to big for the establishment of the
treatment techniques used at the smaller community facilities.

The larger the institution, the more impersonal it gets, the more the kids
are herded around in groups,"Keller said. He said real rehabilitation, a
changing attitude and not just a temporary smothering of hostile behavior,
is more likely to take place in the smaller facilities.