The Miami News March 4th, 1958

Miamian Airs Boy Beatings

Notation, Dr. Eugene Byrd, psychologist testifying about the beatings the boys before a US Senate Judiciary
subcommittee in Washington today, is a former staff member of Florida's Marianna's school for delinquent boys. For
the full story on conditions at Marianna, described as one of the best such schools in the country. In many respects,
see this series beginning on page 1C by Miami news reporter Jane Wood

Psychologist Heard by Senate Group Airing Delinquency

A gruesome mass beatings of delinquent boys with a heavy leather strap was submitted to a Senate committee
today by a Miami psychologist.

Dr. Eugene Byrd did not name the school where, he said, boys charged with infractions of rules or with falling
behind in their studies were herded into a small building for the beatings.

He said they were required to sprawl across the top of being the headboards and beaten severely with a 3 1/2 inch

If they loosened their grip on the head rails or moved on the, he said, they received additional lashes. Dr. Byrd,
Miami psychologist, was a witness before a Senate Judiciary subcommittee seeking means of helping states improve
correctional tuition or juvenile delinquent.

Probe Goal Told

We hope to examine, said Sen. Estes Cabrera of Tennessee, ways in which the federal government can help train
and develop better qualified staffs.

Unless these schools have an effective treatment and rehabilitation program, many of their graduates will find their
way into the adult correctional system.

Dr. Byrd devoted most of his testimony to the incidents in one's school, but she did not identify. He said that
generally the philosophy at the school where the said he served as director of the guidance center, was one of
academic and vocational training and custodial care.

Individual student cases were never discussed and general problems of the program evaluation, moral troublespots,
ways of reducing the length of stay and so forth, seldom received attention.

Training Quality Varies

Dr. Byrd said that from the business administration standpoint, the school was well organized, with vocational
training very from the best to the worst. He said rigid assignments and duties result of the boys received many
SUCH as kitchen duty, gardening or cleaning, staying on such jobs with a minimum of learning. That would be
profitable. In any other situation

There appears to be little acceptance, understanding or experience in handling of these matters.

He said discipline enforcement involved the loss of privileges, cottage confinement, work details, imposed silence
and Corporal punishment.