Bill Warner WBI Inc PRIVATE DETECTIVE AGENCY
2100 CONSTITUTION BLVD SARASOTA FL AGENCY LIC #A-9500364
Friday, December 03, 2010
Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys Marianna FL
Were There Two Cemetaries, One For White Boys and One For Colored Boys ?
Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School, questions still
remain about individuals buried at the Dozier “Boot Hill” Cemetery, herein referred to as the “School Cemetery,” on
the North Side or “Number 2” side and was there a second Cemetery on the South Side or "Number 1"?
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) report of May 14th, 2009 indicates that 10 persons died in a
1914 School fire, another 21 individuals (6 had no death certificate issued) are listed (from 1919 to 1952) to have
died from a variety of injuries, murder or sickness and found to have been buried (31) in the School’s Cemetery
through documentation in the School ledgers, The Yellow Jacket newspaper, and death certificates.
"Find A Grave" source indicates that there are supposed to be 65 bodies buried at the Florida Industrial School for
Boys, the names are individually listed see link click here, this source indicates that 15 boys died between 1932 to
1936, 3 were White Boys and 12 were "Colored boys", C/M indicates Colored Male;
1). Brinson, James 45678576 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School
2). Buckley, Joshua 45678920 C/M d. 1935 Florida Industrial School...
3). Cato, Robert 45669559 C/M d. Feb. 24, 1935 Florida Industrial School...
4). Denson, Jesse 45678747 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School...
5). Hammond, James (Joseph) 45669658 C/M d. May 2, 1936 Florida Industrial School
6). Harrell, Lonnie 45678483 W/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School...
7). Heading, Willie 45678614 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School...
8). Huff, Grady 45669604 W/M d. Mar. 4, 1935 Florida Industrial School...
9). Nelson, Richard 45669478 C/M d. Feb. 23, 1935 Florida Industrial School...
10). Nipper, Sam 45678650 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School...
11). Pender, Dary 45678809 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School...
12). Shaw, Archie 45678881 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School...
13). Smith, Lee 45669267 C/M d. Jan. 5, 1932 Florida Industrial School...
14). Stephens, Joe 45669369 C/M d. May 9, 1932 Florida Industrial School...
15). Vanadoe, Thomas 45669415 W/M d. Oct. 26, 1934 Florida Industrial School...
The FDLE Report indicates that from 1932 to 1936 only 7 boys died, 5 "Colored Males" and 2 White Males at the
Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School facility.
1). Lee Smith C/M 01/05/1932
2). Joe Stephens C/M 05/09/1932 Flu
3). Thomas Varnadoe W/M 10/26/1934 Pneumonia
4). Richard Nelson C/M 02/23/1935 Influenza Baltzell Hospital,
5). Robert Cato C/M 02/24/1935 Influenza Baltzell Hospital,
6). Grady Huff W/M 03/04/1935 Illness/Cemetery Miller Davidson
7). James (Joseph) Hammond C/M 05/02/1936
Florida Industrial School for Boys, Grave Search Results, Records 1 of 65 total matches. Cemetery notes and/or
description: This small field is located in the woods on the present grounds of the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys,
a state juvenile correction facility. Originally known as the Florida State Reform School (Established in 1900) and
later the Florida Industrial School for Boys, the institution has a notorious reputation as an abusive place in its
earlier years, complete with a torture chamber known as the "White House". The cemetery was active from about
1914 to 1952. Since death certificates were not required prior to 1917 and subsequent records are not complete, it
is not known how many people are interred here. State Investigators believe at least 81 are buried here and at
another location about 500 yards to the north. The argument for two locations is bolstered by the fact that it was not
the custom in the days when the cemetery was active to bury whites and coloreds at the same site (The races were
segregated at this facility). 31 metal crosses were erected at this location near extant shallow indentations in the
ground in 1996 to replace concrete/rebar crosses from the 1960's that had been removed and stored near the site...
It is believed wooden crosses or no markers were originally employed...
It appears from the FDLE investigation and information obtained from School records that both white and "colored
boys" were buried in the same cemetary, this does not ring true in the Deep South from 1919 to 1952, especially in
Marianna Fl where an active KKK chapter was in operation up until the 1960's.