FROM THE FLORIDA ARCHIVES

There have many reports that the boys sent to the Florida School For Boys aka The Dozier School For Boys were the "Worst of the worst"  There were some
boys there that fit that description, however the majority were boys sent there for continued running away from home, skipping school or deemed as incorrigible. Many
were throw-away kids whose parents, lacking any parental skills, asked that they be sent there to "Straighten Them Out"

Most of the floggings at the school were administered to the younger boys: A study of 250 boys committed to Marianna showed they had received 691
whippings among them, the Miami News reported.
Eleven-year-old boys had received 38 percent of the beatings, and 17-year-old boys received just 3 percent.

RWS: There was also the fear of retaliation by the older boys, some even at 16 were as big as men.

Florida law at the time did not allow beating or corporal punishment for adults in jail. It did allow whipping or strapping children. But the children's bureau of the U.S.
Department of Health, Education and Welfare said in its guidelines for juvenile lockups: "Corporal punishment should not be tolerated in any form."

Andrew Bowers, a Chaplin at the school from 1959-1963 recalls:

For most of  its history, Dozier freely practiced flogging as a method of discipline, or as a matter of whim.  Mr.  Bowers remembers,  "they would spank the
boys when they did wrong or really whenever they wanted to.
 Some of them they treated pretty bad, they couldn't sit down for days." Many beatings were bad.
Sometimes they'd spank the children until they would have to lay on their stomachs for two or three days.
The beatings were administered with a  "weighted
leather  'flogging strap."
 A witness to a flogging described them as "sickening" :

Audie E. Langston, former state superintendent said he didn't want to talk. "I just happened to be there when they caught a kid who was a runner. They caught
him and took him into that building and one of the guys said, 'You should see this” Langston said in a short interview. "It was not a good thing. The people who were
doing it thought they needed that method of control." Back then, Langston wrote a letter to his boss, O.J. Keller. He called what he saw "sickening."

"A young boy [was] taken into a stark, bare, dimly lit room where he was compelled to lie on a small cot and receive licks with a heavy leather strap. The strap was
wielded by a man who was at least six foot 3 inches tall and weighed well over 200 pounds. His swing could be likened to a strong tennis serve as with a whip like
effect at the end of the downswing. The results are sickening. The child quivers and writhes in a contorted manner from the pain of a sadistic treatment. It is not only
repulsive but somewhat criminal in nature."

One man from Marianna stated that "No boy was ever sent up there for skipping school and there were no orphans." Tell that to Roger Kiser who went straight from
an orphanage to Dozier when he became 13. Tell that to Johnny Lee Gaddy whose crime at 11 was truancy. He was there for five years. The school needed more
boys to work the farm. Boys were picked up for the slightest reason so the farm could produce more crops. It was slavery of children at best.
.
Note the number of children below the age of 13, as depicted in the pictures below. There were many orphans and throw-away children, families who could not afford
another mouth to feed.

Go here to get a definition of "Spanking vs Flogging. A leather whip with a wooden handle is a "Flogging Device."
THE WORST OF THE WORST
Worst of the worst? Look at these pictures and decide whether you believe that or not.
Note: These pictures are from men who were boys at the school around 1950-1970, all involved in the Dozier School for boys case.
All of the pictures below are from "State Archives of Florida, The Florida Memory Collection" I will
post the reference number for each photo and credit to the photographer, if provided.
Boys playing vollball Credit this photo: State Archives of
Florida, Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258385   DSB0138
Boys playing darts at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida Between 1940 and 1959  Credit
this photo: State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory,DSB0127
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258391
Boys listening to radio at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number  DSB0124  Year Between 1940 and 1959 State
Archives of Florida, Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258392
Employee handing out gifts to students at the School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0234  Year 195-? Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258471
Boys playing ping pong at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0187 Year 195-
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258506
Two boys boxing at the Florida Industrial School for Boys in Marianna,
Florida. Image Number DSB0140 Year Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258382
Group portrait of boys at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0233 Year 196-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258472
Boys with toy sailboats at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0225 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258490
Boys holding fresh farm eggs at the School for
Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0219 Year 195-
Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258496
Group portrait of boys at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0188 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258503
Interior view showing boys in class at the Florida Industrial School for Boys
in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0153 Year ca 1950
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258525
Group portrait of boys with administrators at the School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0310 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258624
Group portrait of boys from cottage #3 at the Florida Industrial School for Boys
in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0359 Year 1943
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258763
"Mr. Harper cottage master".
Boys choir performing at the Florida Industrial School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0223 Year ca 1950
, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258492
Boys at a Christmas event at the School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0003 Year 195-
Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258308
Group portrait of Florida Industrial School for Boys boxing team in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0094 Year Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258372
Group portrait of Florida Industrial School for Boys boxing team in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0139 Year Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258384
Group portrait of boys with potatoes at the School for Boys in Marianna,
Florida. Image Number DSB0089 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258427
Group portrait of boys with instructors in a workshop for building circus
displays at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number
DSB0088 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258428
Group portrait of boxing team at the School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0165 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258519
Group portrait of African American choir at the Florida Industrial
School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0385 Year
Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258552
Boys gathered on grounds to see a Ross Allen Reptile Institute demonstration at the School
for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0237  Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258467
African American boys gathered on grounds to see a Ross Allen Reptile Institute
demonstration at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.Image Number DSB0236 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258468
Boys gathered around Boy Scout playing guitar at the School for Boys
in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0132 Year Between 1940 and
1959 Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258388
African American boys with pastor during a possible memorial or funeral
service at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0093
Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258423
African American boy milking cow at the School for Boys in Marianna,
Florida. Image Number DSB0077 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258415
African American boys working on farm at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0389 Year 195- Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258548
Group of boys posing with bikes at the School for Boys in Marianna,
Florida. Image Number DSB0193 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258504
Interior view showing boys working in the dry cleaning plant at the Florida Industrial School for
Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0070 Year Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258439
Boys learning about electronics at the Florida School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image
Number DSB0054 Year 1965
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258277
Boys in a reading class at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0344
Year 195- Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258607
Boys in a reading class at the Florida Industrial School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0341 Year Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258613
Interior view showing African American boys in class at the Florida
School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0340 Year
Between 1963 and 1969
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258614
Florida Industrial School for Boys superintendent Arthur Dozier, 3rd from right, with boys
receiving awards during a Kiwanis Club dinner. Image Number DSB0346 Year Not after 1957
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258605
African American boys gathering as guests arrive for Open House at
the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0217
Year 195- Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258538
African American boys working in meat locker at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0041 Year 195-
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258290
Picture: From the "Yellow Jacket" Newspaper at Dozier: Boys that have just entered
the school are given milk to drink after a long drive to the facility.
Group portrait of boxing team at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number DSB0165
Year 195- Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258519
Boys sewing at the Florida School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
1963 Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258615
DSB0339
Boys having a snowball fight at the Florida School for Boys in
Marianna, Florida.DSB0317  Florida, Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258623
Lifeguard training at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0101 Florida Memory,
tp://floridamemory.com/items/show/258418
Boys viewing Florida panther at zoo on the grounds of the Florida Industrial School
for Boys in Marianna, Florida.Image Number DSB0395
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258542
DSB0367  Year 1948  Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258569
Boys sewing and cutting patterns under the supervision of an instructor at the
School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image DSB0112
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258407
Nurse attending to boy in the infirmary at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
DSB0098  Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258370
Interior view showing boys working in the dry cleaning plant at the School for Boys
in Marianna, Florida.Image Number DSB0106
Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258411
Boys playing volleyball at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida.
Image Number DSB0138  Florida Memory,
http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258385
Boys in cafeteria at the School for Boys in Marianna, Florida. Image Number
DSB0148  Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/258534